xiāng

  1. xiāng adverb each other / one another / mutually
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 互相, for example, in the idiom 自相矛盾 'self-contradictory' (CCI '自相矛盾'; CCD 1 '相' 1; FE '相' 1; GHDC 1 '相' 1; Guoyu '相' xiāng adv 1; Kroll 2015 '相' xiāng 1, p. 497); 相 may be used in this sense in Literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 136). For example, 獸相食,且人惡之。'Beasts devour one another, and men hate them for doing so.' (Mengzi: 1.4/2/21, translation by Legge)
  2. xiàng verb to observe / to assess
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 观察 (CCD 2 '相'; GHDC 2 '相' 1; Guoyu '相' xiàng v 1; Kroll 2015 '相' xiàng 3, p. 497)
  3. xiàng noun appearance / portrait / picture
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (GHDC 2 '相' 2; Guoyu '相' xiàng n 1)
  4. xiàng noun lakṣaṇa / countenance / personage / quality / character / disposition
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: lakṣaṇa, Pāli: lakkhaṇa, Japanese: sō (BCSD '相'; BL 'lakṣaṇa'; GHDC 2 '相' 9; Kroll 2015 '相' xiàng 4, p. 497)
  5. xiàng verb to aid / to help
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 辅助 (GHDC 2 '相' 3; Guoyu '相' xiàng v 3; Kroll 2015 '相' xiàng 1, p. 497)
  6. xiāng noun a chancellor / a prime minister / a high minister
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 宰相 or 丞相 (GHDC 2 '相' 5; Guoyu '相' xiàng n 2; Kroll 2015 '相' xiàng 1, p. 497; Wu and Tee 2015, loc. 1673)
  7. xiàng noun nimitta / a sign / a mark / appearance
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: nimitta, Japanese: sō (BCSD '相'; BL 'nimitta'; Kroll 2015 '相' xiàng 4a, p. 497)
  8. xiàng noun a perception / cognition / conceptualization / a notion
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: saṃjñā, Pāli: saññā (BCSD '相')
  9. xiāng auxiliary verb alternately / in turn
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Guoyu '相' xiāng auxiliary verb; Kroll 2015 '相' xiāng 2, p. 497)
  10. xiāng proper noun Xiang
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (CCD 1 '相' 3; GHDC 1 '相' 4; Guoyu '相' xiāng n 1)
  11. xiāng noun form substance
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 实质; FGS translation standard: Form (FE '相' 2; Faxiang; GHDC 1 '相' 3)
  12. xiāng verb to express
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (GHDC 1 '相' 2)
  13. xiàng verb to choose
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 选择 (GHDC 2 '相' 6; Guoyu '相' xiàng v 5)
  14. xiāng proper noun Xiang
    Domain: History 历史 , Concept: Ancient City 古城
    Notes: (GHDC 2 '相' 8)
  15. xiāng noun an ancient musical instrument
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (GHDC 2 '相' 10; Guoyu '相' xiàng n 4)
  16. xiāng noun the seventh lunar month
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 相月 (GHDC 2 '相' 11)
  17. xiāng verb to compare
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 比较 (Guoyu '相' xiāng adv 2)
  18. xiàng verb to divine
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 占视 (Guoyu '相' xiàng v 2)
  19. xiàng verb to administer
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 治理 (Guoyu '相' xiàng v 4)
  20. xiàng noun helper for a blind person
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Guoyu '相' xiàng n 3)
  21. xiāng noun rhythm [music]
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll 2015 '相' xiāng 3, p. 497)
  22. xiāng noun the upper frets of a pipa
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll 2015 '相' xiāng 3a, p. 497)
  23. xiāng noun coralwood
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In 相思豆, see 海红豆 (Kroll 2015 '相' xiāng 4, p. 497; Wikipedia '海红豆')
  24. xiàng noun ministry
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll 2015 '相' xiàng 1a, p. 497)
  25. xiàng verb to supplement / to enhance
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll 2015 '相' xiàng 2, p. 497)

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