1. adverb naturally / of course / certainly
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In the sense of 自然 (CCD 1 '自' 1; GHDC '自' 4; Han Dian '自' adv 1)
  2. preposition from / since
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 从 (CCD 2 '自'; GHDC '自' 5; Han Dian '自' prep; Rouzer 2007, p. 6)
  3. pronoun self / oneself / itself
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 自 means 自己. In Literary Chinese this relfexive personal pronoun always occurs in front of a verb (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 83). For example, 所謂誠其意者,毋自欺也 What is meant by 'making the thoughts sincere.' is the allowing no self-deception.' (The Classic of Rites, The Great Learning《禮記‧大學》, trans. by Legge 1885; CCD 1 '自' 2; GHDC '自' 1; Han Dian '自' pro 1; Rouzer 2007, p. 6)
  4. noun Kangxi radical 132
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Radicals 部首
    Notes: (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7)
  5. proper noun Zi
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Names 名字
    Notes: (Guoyu '自' n 2)
  6. noun a nose
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Health 健康
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 鼻子 (Han Dian '自' 2)
  7. noun the beginning / the start
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 开头 (GHDC '自' 2; Han Dian '自' 3)
  8. noun origin
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 起源 (Guoyu 1 '自' n 1; GHDC '自' 3; Han Dian '自' 4)
  9. adverb originally
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 本来 (Han Dian '自' adv 2)
  10. adverb still / to remain
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 仍旧 or 依然 (GHDC '自' 9; Han Dian '自' adv 5)
  11. adverb in person / personally
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 亲自 (Han Dian '自' adv 6)
  12. adverb in addition /besides
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 别自 or 另外 (Han Dian '自' adv 7)
  13. conjunction if / even if
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 假如 (GHDC '自' 8; Han Dian '自' conj 1)
  14. conjunction but
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 可是 (Han Dian '自' conj 4)
  15. conjunction because
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 因为 and 由于 (GHDC '自' 6; Han Dian '自' conj 5)
  16. verb to employ / to use
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 用 (GHDC '自' 7; Han Dian '自' v 1)
  17. verb to be
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 是 (Han Dian '自' v 2)

Contained in

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Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Buddhism Series 9 - Art and Literature 《佛教叢書9-藝文》 Dharma Words - Other 法語 ■其它 76
Humanistic Buddhism Series 5 - The Human World and Practice 《人間佛教系列5-人間與實踐》 Humanistic Buddhism: A Blueprint for Life 人間佛教的藍圖 53
Lectures on the Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch 《六祖壇經講話》 6 Repentance and Reformation 第六品 懺悔品 經文.註釋 43
Buddhism Series 6 - Schools 《佛教叢書6-宗派》 Vignanavada - 3. The Essentials of the Vignanavada 唯識宗 參、唯識宗的要義 41
Buddhism Series 9 - Art and Literature 《佛教叢書9-藝文》 Inscriptions - 銘 39
Lectures on the Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch 《六祖壇經講話》 Questions and Discussion 問題討論 36
Lectures on the Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch 《六祖壇經講話》 Translation of Canonical Text 譯文 34
Buddhism Series 9 - Art and Literature 《佛教叢書9-藝文》 Admonishment Maxims 警策格言 33
Lectures on the Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch 《六祖壇經講話》 2 Wisdom - Canonical Text and Notes 第二 般若品 經文.註釋 33
Lectures on the Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch 《六祖壇經講話》 Questions and Discussion 問題討論 32