yǒu

  1. yǒu verb is; are; to exist
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: For example, 有人敲门 'There is someone knocking at the door.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 174) 有 is always negated by 没, never by 不. For example, 他们没有见过太阳 'they had not seen the sun.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 221) 有 is the tenth most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Guoyu '有' v 1; Ho 2002, '有' 2; Kroll 2015 '有' 2, p. 911; NCCED '有' 1).
  2. yǒu verb to have; to possess
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In this sense 有 often takes the pattern [subject] 有 [object], where the subject might be left out. For example, 自己有钱 'he had money.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 218; Ho 2002, '有' 1; Kroll 2015 '有' 1, p. 911; NCCED '有' 2; XHZD '有' 1, p. 911).
  3. yǒu verb indicates an estimate
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: For example, 有近60万 'nearly 600,000.' (VOA, 2015-07-25; Ho 2002, '有' 3; NCCED '有' 3)
  4. yǒu verb indicates a large quantity
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: In the sense of 多 (Guoyu '有' adj 2; Ho 2002, '有' 4; NCCED '有' 4)
  5. yǒu verb indicates an affirmative response
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: (NCCED '有' 6)
  6. yǒu verb a certain; used before a person, time, or place
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: For example, in the pattern 有的...有的 (Ho 2002, '有' 5; NCCED '有' 8; XHZD '有' 3, p. 911)
  7. yǒu verb used to compare two things
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: (Ho 2002, '有' 6)
  8. yǒu prefix used in a polite formula before certain verbs
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: For example, 有请 'to request' (Guoyu '有' prefix; XHZD '有' 2, p. 911)
  9. yǒu verb used before the names of dynasties
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (XHZD '有' 5, p. 911; Wu and Tee 2015, loc. 296)
  10. yǒu pronoun a certain thing; what exists
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Guoyu '有' prefix; Kroll 2015 '有' 3, p. 911)
  11. yǒu pronoun multiple of ten and ...
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the pattern 二十有四 twenty and four, i.e. 24 (Kroll 2015 '有' 4, p. 911)
  12. yǒu adjective abundant
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 富裕 (Guoyu '有' adj 1)
  13. yǒu adjective purposeful
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 故意 (Guoyu '有' adj 3)
  14. yǒu proper noun You
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Names , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '有' n 1)
  15. yǒu verb 1. existence; 2. becoming
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教 , Subdomain: Fo Guang Shan
    Notes: (Glossary of Humanistic Buddhism)
  16. yǒu noun becoming; bhava
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: bhāva, Pali: bhāva, Japanese: u, Tibetan: srid pa (BCSD '有', p. 621; BL 'bhava', p. 111; FGDB '有'; Kroll 2015 '有' 3b, p. 911; MW 'bhāva'; FGDB '有', p. 213)

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Truncated for common words