1. conjunction so as to / in order to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 因此 (Guoyu '以' conj 3; Rouzer 2007, p. 10; Unihan '以')
  2. preposition to use / to regard as
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: May be used as a coverb in this sense, in a serial verb construction. A second form is 以 A 为 B, 'regard A as B.' (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 49)
  3. verb to use / to grasp
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese, 以 can be used as a main verb, 以 is a transitive verb with two objects. In this use, it has the form '以 A B', which means 'use A to do B'. It can also take the form 'B 以 A', which means the same thing. The object A is the instrument by which the action B is performed. For example, 杀人以梃 'to kill a person using a club.' (Guoyu '以' v 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 47, quote from Meng 1A/4)
  4. preposition according to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 按 (Guoyu '以' prep 2)
  5. preposition because of
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 因为; may also be thought of as a coverb when used in this sense in Literary Chinese (Guoyu '以' prep. 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 162)
  6. preposition on a certain date
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
  7. conjunction and / as well as
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Guoyu '以' conj 4)
  8. verb to rely on
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 仰赖 (Guoyu '以' v 2)
  9. verb to regard
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 认为 (Guoyu '以' v 3)
  10. verb to be able to
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 能够 (Guoyu '以' v 4)
  11. verb to order / to command
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 令 (Guoyu '以' v 5)
  12. conjunction further / moreover
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 而 or 且 (Guoyu '以' conj 1)
  13. auxiliary verb used after a verb
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this usage 以 is placed after a verb without meaning (Guoyu '以' aux)
  14. adverb very
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this usage 以 is an adverb with the same meaning 太 or 甚 (Guoyu '以' aux)
  15. adverb already
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 已经 (Guoyu '以' aux)
  16. adverb increasingly
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 愈益 (Guoyu '以' aux)
  17. noun a reason / a cause
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: In the sense of 缘故 (Guoyu '以' n 1)
  18. proper noun Israel
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Asia 亚洲 , Concept: Country 国家
    Notes: An abbreviation for 以色列 (Guoyu '以' n 2)
  19. proper noun Yi
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '以' n 3)

Contained in

以上可以以后以色列以来难以以内以外予以以下以及足以所以何以以为全力以赴以此加以以前以东以南以西以北以便除了_以外给以以太网以至以致得以以免以身作则以往以至于自以为是用以辅以老吾老以及人之老幼吾幼以及人之幼藉以借以以少胜多以降挟天子以令诸侯无以复加引以为傲以是是以以要言之持之以恒年以来

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Humanistic Buddhism Series 5 - The Human World and Practice 《人間佛教系列5-人間與實踐》 Humanistic Buddhism: A Blueprint for Life 人間佛教的藍圖 152
Treatises on Humanistic Buddhism 《人間佛教論文集》 Monasteries in the Mountains and Monasteries in the in the Cities - Monastics Living in Seclusion and Monastics Living in Society 山林寺院和都市寺院-----兼論蘭若比丘和人間比丘 98
Buddhism Series 9 - Art and Literature 《佛教叢書9-藝文》 Tablet Inscriptions 碑文 93
Treatises on Humanistic Buddhism 《人間佛教論文集》 Humble Opinions on the Stages in Development of Chinese Buddhism 中國佛教階段性的發展芻議 91
Treatises on Humanistic Buddhism 《人間佛教論文集》 Humanistic Buddhism and Training in Precepts 人間佛教的戒學 89
Treatises on Humanistic Buddhism 《人間佛教論文集》 Humanistic Buddhism: A Blueprint for Life (1) 人間佛教的藍圖(上) 86
Buddhism Series 2 - Canonical Texts 《佛教叢書2-經典》 Vimalakirti Sutra 維摩詰所說經 85
Humanistic Buddhism Series Contemporary Questions Symposium 《人間佛教當代問題座談會》 Society Issues Investigation (Volume 1) - A Buddhist View of 'War and Peace' 社會議題探討(上冊) 佛教對「戰爭與和平」的看法 83
Buddhism Series 10 - Humanistic Buddhism 《佛教叢書10-人間佛教》 A Blueprint for Humanistic Buddhism (Vimalakirti Sutra, Chapter on the Buddha Way) - 2 人間佛教的藍圖(《維摩經‧佛道品》) 貳‧人間佛教的藍圖 81
Humanistic Buddhism Quotations 《人間佛教語錄》 Writings on Chan School Thought - Fo Guang School Customs and Traditions 宗門思想篇 佛光宗風 78