rén

  1. rén noun person; people; a human being
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: The measure word 个 is most frequently used. For example, 他们四个人 'the four of them' (Lao She, 2003, p. 224). However, other measure words, such as 口 and 名, may also be used. No measure word is used when referring to large numbers of people. For example, 数百万人 'millions of people.' (VOA, 2015-07-25) 人 is a common word in both modern and literary Chinese (Kroll 2015 '人' 1). 人 is the eighth most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (CCD '人' 1; FE '人' 1; Ho 2002, '人' 1, NCCED '人' 1).
  2. rén noun Kangxi radical 9
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Radicals
    Notes: Person (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7)
  3. rén noun a kind of person
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: For example, 中国人 'a Chinese person,' 北京人 'a person frm Beijing,' or 发言人 'spokesperson.' (CCD '人' 4; Ho 2002, '人' 2, NCCED '人' 2) In literary Chinese, the formula [name] ... [place of birth] 人 is frequently used in biographies. For example, 孫子武者,齊人也 'Sun Zi was a military strategist from the state of Qi.' (Shiji, Biographies of Sun Tzu and Wu Qi史記‧孫子吳起列傳)
  4. rén noun everybody
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (CCD '人' 2; NCCED '人' 3)
  5. rén noun adult
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (CCD '人' 3; NCCED '人' 4)
  6. rén noun somebody; others
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (CCD '人' 5; NCCED '人' 5) For example, 祥子几乎和人打起来 'Xiangzi nearly got into a fight with some people.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 189) This sense is also used in literary Chinese (Kroll 2015 '人' 2). For example in literary Chinese, 其恕乎!己所不欲,勿施於人。 'Is not reciprocity such a word? What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.' (Lunyu 17:24, trans. by Legge 1861)
  7. rén noun an upright person
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: Referring to a person's moral character (CCD '人' 6; NCCED '人' 6)
  8. rén proper noun person; manuṣya; puruṣa; pudgala
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: manuṣya, or: puruṣa, or: pudgala (BCSD '人', p. 92; MW 'pudgala'; SH '人', p. 31)

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