HB Reader

le liǎo liào

  1. le particle completion of an action
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Aspectual Particle 动态助词
    Notes: Traditional: 了; in this usage 了 is an aspectual particle 动态助词. Here 了 is placed after the verb and before its object to indicate that an action has been completed (Guoyu '了' le particle 2; Li Shaoqi, 2003, pp. 430-431; Ho, 2002, '了' 1). For example, 他似乎明白了点 'he seemed to understand something.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 218) In this example the verb is 明白 'understand' and the object is 点 '[a little] something.' 了 cannot be used for non-action verbs, such as 喜欢, 是, 像. If there are two verbs in series then 了 should be placed after the second verb. 了 is the third most frequent word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '了').
  2. liǎo verb to know / to understand
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Traditional: 了; in the sense of 明白 (Guoyu '了' liǎo v 1)
  3. liǎo verb to understand / to know
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Traditional: 瞭; in the sense of 明白 or 清楚; as in 了解 (Guoyu '瞭' v 1)
  4. liào verb to look afar from a high place
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Traditional: 瞭; in the sense of 远看 Guoyu '瞭' liào v 1)
  5. le particle modal particle
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Modal Particle 语气助词
    Notes: Traditional: 了; in this use 了 appears at the end of a sentence as a modal particle 语气助词. Use as a modal particle differs from use as an aspectual particle after a verb in that a modal particle indicates the completion of the action for the whole sentence. Sometimes a modal particle is omitted if the sentence contains an aspectual particle and the action of the sentence is simple. There are two common uses: 1. 了 may be used at the end of a sentence to indicate a newly emerged condition (Guoyu '了' le particle 1; Ho, 2002, '了' 2; Sun 2006, loc. 885). For example, 一切的路都封上了 'All the roads were closed.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 175) 2. 了 may be used at the end of a sentence to indicate a reminder, advice, or urging.
  6. le particle particle used in certain fixed expressions
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Particle 助词
    Notes: Traditional: 了; in this use 了 is used in a set of fixed expressions, including 太...了, ...极了, 对了, and 好了 (Ho, 2002, '了' 3; Li Shaoqi, 2003, p. 433). For example, 你帮几天忙好了 'Please help for a few days.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 176)
  7. liǎo verb to complete
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Traditional: 了; in the sense of 结束 (Guoyu '了' liǎo v 2)
  8. liǎo adverb completely
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Traditional: 了; in the sense of 完全 (Guoyu '了' liǎo adv 1)
  9. liǎo adjective clever / intelligent
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Traditional: 了; in the sense of 聪明 or 慧黠 (Guoyu '了' liǎo adj)

Contained in

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Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Traces Over the Sky and Ocean 《海天遊踪》 India 印度 412
Traces Over the Sky and Ocean 《海天遊踪》 Japan 日本 412
Buddhist Affinities over a Century 9 - Places of Practice 1 《百年佛緣9-道場篇1》 The Causes and Conditions of My Building Fo Guang Shan 我建佛光山的因緣 269
Traces Over the Sky and Ocean 《海天遊踪》 Thailand 泰國 243
Buddhist Affinities over a Century 11 - Practicing the Buddha’s Way 1 《百年佛緣11-行佛篇1》 A Roaming Monk Wanders the World 雲水行腳走天下 234
Traces Over the Sky and Ocean 《海天遊踪》 Malaysia 馬來亞 234
Buddhist Affinities over a Century 7 - A Monastic's Faith 1 《百年佛緣7-僧信篇1》 The Mainland Sangha in Taiwan 大陸僧侶在台灣 225
Buddhist Affinities over a Century 2 - Life 2 《百年佛緣2-生活篇2》 I Can Tolerate this for a Lifetime 我就這樣忍了一生 219
Humanistic Buddhism Series 5 - The Human World and Practice 《人間佛教系列5-人間與實踐》 Humanistic Buddhism: A Blueprint for Life 人間佛教的藍圖 207
The Three Trainings in Humanistic Buddhism 《人間佛教的戒定慧》 Meditative Concentration in Humanistic Buddhism 人間佛教的定學 205

Vocabulary Detail