lìng

  1. lìng verb to make; to cause to be; to lead
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 令 is synonymous with 使 or 让. In Literary Chinese 令 can be used as a transitory verb with two arguments in a pivot construction. This has the pattern A 令 B C, where A leads B to do C (Guoyu '令' v 2; Kroll 2015 '令' 7; Pulleyblank 1995, pp. 40-41; Unihan '令').
  2. lìng noun to issue a command
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Guoyu '令' v 1; Kroll 2015 '令' 1)
  3. lìng verb rules of behavior; customs
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: For example, 辞令 polite speech (Kroll 2015 '令' 6a)
  4. lìng noun an order; a command; an edict; a decree; a statute
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 令 is synonymous with 命令 or 法令 (Guoyu '令' n 1; Kroll 2015 '令' 6; Unihan '令').
  5. lìng noun a season
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 令 is synonymous with 时令 or 季节 (Guoyu '令' n 2; Kroll 2015 '令' 4).
  6. lìng noun respected; good reputation
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Guoyu '令' adj 2; Kroll 2015 '令' 3a)
  7. lìng adjective good
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 令 is synonymous with 美善 (Guoyu '令' adj 1).
  8. lìng adjective pretentious
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll 2015 '令' 3b)
  9. lìng noun a transcending state of existence
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll 2015 '令' 7)
  10. lìng noun a commander
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: For example, 县令 'county magistrate' (Kroll 2015 '令' 2)
  11. lìng noun a commanding quality; an impressive character
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll 2015 '令' 3)
  12. lìng noun lyrics
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 小令 xiaoling - a particular form of verse (Guoyu '令' n 3)
  13. lìng proper noun Ling
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Names , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '令' n 4)
  14. lìng noun instruction by a teacher; adhīṣṭa
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: adhīṣṭa (BCSD '令', p. 97; MW 'adhīṣṭa')

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