使 shǐ

  1. shǐ verb to make / to cause
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 让; in literary Chinese, 使 can act as a transitive verb with two objects in a pivot construction. The first object is a noun and the second object is a verb phrase. The pattern is A 使 B C, where A is the subject, B is a noun, and C is a verb phrase (Guoyu '使' v 2; Kroll 2015 '使' 2, p. 414; Pulleyblank 1995, pp. 40-41; Unihan '使'; XHZD '使' 3)
  2. shǐ verb to make use of for labor
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 役使 (Guoyu '使' v 3; Kroll 2015 '使' 2a, p. 414)
  3. shǐ verb to indulge
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 放纵 (Guoyu '使' v 6; Kroll 2015 '使' 4, p. 414)
  4. shǐ noun an emissary / an envoy / ambassador / commissioner
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 使 is similar in meaning to 使者, most often as a generic title (Guoyu '使' n; Hucker 1985, p. 421; Kroll 2015 '使' 1a, p. 414; Unihan '使'; XHZD '使' 5)
  5. shǐ verb to be sent on a diplomatic mission
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 出使 (Guoyu '使' v 7; Kroll 2015 '使' 1, p. 414)
  6. shǐ verb to dispatch
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 派 or 派遣 (Guoyu '使' v 1; Kroll 2015 '使' 1, p. 414; Unihan '使'; XHZD '使' 2)
  7. shǐ conjunction if
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 使 is similar in meaning to 假如 to 如果 (Guoyu '使' conj; Kroll 2015 '使' 3, p. 414; XHZD '使' 4)
  8. shǐ verb to use
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 用 (Guoyu '使' v 5; Kroll 2015 '使' 2a, p. 414; XHZD '使' 1)
  9. shǐ verb to be able to
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 可, as in 使不得 (Guoyu '使' v 4)

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使团使出全权大使神差鬼使北使记有钱能使鬼推磨使用者使用数量岩仓使节团采访使祈使句教廷大使差使支使镇守使驻外使促使招讨使俾使亲善大使征收官使天使报喜节征收官使使然使坏使成一体纵使使者公使馆颐指气使出使节度使使耳聋见风使舵罗曼使公使使劲天使役使动物使习惯宣抚使役使动物间使宣慰使宣抚使

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